Mr. Claude Benard Muthee Kamau (left) and Mr. Raphael Mulaha Kweyu (right), Doctoral students in Environmental Governance and Management Program at WMI, attended the 2013 Session on Security and Democracy at Democratic Governance Institute in Dakar, Senegal from 5th to 23rd August 2013. The travel grant was provided by the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA).
Security is an emerging paradigm for understanding global vulnerabilities whose proponents challenge the traditional notion of national security by arguing that the proper reference for security should be the individual rather than the state. The UNDP's 1994 Human Development Report's definition of human security expanded the hitherto narrow definition of human security to include threats in 7 thematic areas including threats to the environment. Environmental security aims to protect people from the short- and long-term ravages of nature, man-made threats in nature, and deterioration of the natural environment.
During their stay in Senegal, the students had an opportunity to visit Goree Island (the Slave Island) a UNESCO World Heritage Site along the coast of Dakar where they witnessed the horrors of the slave trade throughout the Atlantic world.